Discursos espanhóis sobre pessoas refugiadas

Teun A. van Dijk

Resumo

No verão e no outono de 2015, centenas de milhares de refugiados, a maioria vinda da Síria, chegaram à Europa Ocidental. Com o slogan “Refugees Welcome”, eles foram recebidos e assistidos por muitos voluntários nas fronteiras e nas estações de trem. Após a revisão dos estudos sobre esse movimento solidário na Áustria, na Alemanha, nos países escandinavos e no Reino Unido, e no âmbito de um projeto geral sobre o discurso de movimentos sociais, este artigo examina discursos parlamentares, municipais e de movimentos na Espanha. Depois da análise de um debate parlamentar incitando o governo a admitir mais refugiados, o artigo analisa textos da Anistia Internacional, das ONGs Refugees Welcome España, ACCEM e CEAR, da cidade de Barcelona (“Cidade de Refúgio”) e das ONGs catalãs Casa Nostra Casa Vostra e Stop Mare Mortum. Entre muitas outras propriedades, todos esses textos mostram uma polarização ideológica entre NÓS (pró-refugiado) e ELES (a União Europeia e o Estado) em todos os níveis do discurso (léxico, metáforas, normas, valores e argumentos). O quadro teórico multidisciplinar da análise combina o estudo do discurso, movimentos sociais, política, cidadãos, solidariedade e empatia.

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